PARIS — The central spire of Notre Dame Cathedral collapsed Monday and much of the interior appeared to have been destroyed as a catastrophic fire spread within minutes through a building that has stood at the heart of Paris for more than 800 years.
Cathedral spokesman Andre Finot told French media that the building had sustained “colossal damage” and that the Medieval wooden interior — an engineering and artistic marvel that has inspired awe and wonder for the millions who have visited over the centuries — had been gutted.
“Everything is burning,” he said. “Nothing will remain from the frame.”
The cathedral has been under renovation, and officials said they were considering the blaze an accident relating to construction.
The fire began in the late afternoon, with yellow clouds of smoke billowing into an otherwise perfect blue sky and orange flames assaulting the belfry. As evening began to fall over the city, a gaping hole could be seen where the enormous vaulted roof once had been. Flames continued to lick the night sky.
The heat of the fire could be felt from across the River Seine as firefighters frantically pumped water from cranes. The rest of the city seemed to stand still as the fire raged, with thousands of passerby watching from the streets below. Many were in tears, silently filming the scenes on smartphones and broadcasting them across the globe.
Worldwide, scenes of the destruction triggered an outpouring of emotion, with people posting family photos to social media showcasing visits to a building that was built and refined over centuries but burned within hours.
The building, the cornerstone of which was laid in 1163, is the most visited monument in Paris, with more than 12 million people coming each year — nearly double the people who visit Eiffel Tower. Its intricate stone gargoyles, spires, stained glass and flying buttresses make it one of the great masterpieces of architecture.
French President Emmanuel Macron tweeted: “Notre-Dame of Paris preyed by the flames. The sorrow of an entire nation. Our thoughts with all Catholics and French people. Like all our compatriots, I’m sad tonight to see this part of ourselves burn.”
Many of those gathered at the base of the cathedral Monday were tourists and pilgrims visiting for Easter holidays. Others were local, there to pay their respects.
“I came because we live in Paris and because, well, last week we were all there, having a drink on the steps of the cathedral, enjoying the beautiful flowers in the garden,” said Fatima Marie, a 35-year-old Parisian. “We thought it would be better to be here among friends.”
Donia Hammami, 35, a trade expert in Paris, ran to the scene from her gym nearby when she saw the reports of the blaze. She was in tears in the crowd, watching the cathedral burn.
“For me, this has been an inspiration for so many other churches in Europe from the 14th century onward, in the way it came up with a way to mirror more light,” Hammami said. “It’s been here for all those ages.”
“This is a historic moment for all of us, in the worst possible sense of the term,” she added.
President Trump tweeted his advice to Paris: “So horrible to watch the massive fire at Notre Dame Cathedral in Paris. Perhaps flying water tankers could be used to put it out. Must act quickly!”
Trump said in later remarks that “they don’t know what caused it. They say renovation, and I hope that’s the reason. Renovation? What’s that all about?”
Although there was no evidence of a connection, France has seen a number of attacks on Catholic churches in the past year, including arson and vandalism.
Paris’s Church of St. Sulpice was set on fire after midday mass last month. No one was injured. Police are investigating, but firefighters attributed the blaze to arson.
The possibility that foul play had been the cause for the Notre Dame fire was on the minds of some of those who watched Monday evening as the cathedral burned.
“I was in New York on 9/11 and this reminds me of that,” said Donna Calhoun, 57, a professor of mathematics from Boise who is on sabbatical at the Sorbonne. “I just hope it wasn’t arson.”
Witte reported from Berlin.